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The index covers approximately 5,500 indexed printed pages in The Linnaeus Apostles Global Science & Adventure volumes One to Seven, resulting in around 150,000 specific search terms and a considerable number of cross references or references to modern biological nomenclature. The index is also published in a digital format entitled iIndex, where it has also been linked to the option for interested individuals to "Add Knowledge" under the various search terms. The printed index published in Volume Eight (2012) will thus remain the basic key to the volumes, while iIndex will also be a free and open resource for expanding the highly cross-disciplinary documentation in the spheres of natural and cultural history for which the foundations were laid by the labours of the apostles. An index of this size, which extends across subject-boundaries, a large number of different languages and not least over centuries of linguistic, theoretical and terminological changes, will of necessity constitute a quantity of data that is difficult to handle. In order to make the work of indexing easier, but primarily to reveal the wide range of subjects documented by the apostles, the index has been divided into the eight categories described below, each with its own special approaches. When searching the index it is recommended, where doubts exist regarding the subject divisions, that searches are made under several different categories in the printed index or alternatively that a general search be made in iIndex. A large number of reference works has been used during the work of indexing, of which the most frequently used ones are listed below.




Earth Sciences
  The natural history index is subdivided into three separate indexes, namely for biology, zoology and earth sciences. These subdivisions correspond in principle to Linnaeus' arrangement of the Systema Naturae in three realms, namely the Regnum vegetabile, Regnum animale and Regnum minerale. During the work of indexing the aim has been, as far as possible, to provide the currently valid scientific term, while explaining its relationships and other matters of interest. Many Latin terms that occur in the journals of the apostles have not been published and some of them are impossible to elucidate, i.e. to relate to current nomenclature, and can occasionally not even be fitted into a systematic framework. It has nevertheless been possible to identify most of the terms, and the current nomenclature has been added. In such cases the added name is followed by ->, leading to the original search term, with a reference to the relevant volume and page number. With regard to the nomenclature, it should be noted that Linnaeus is cited as a zoological author as Linn., whereas in botanical nomenclature his authorial name is abbreviated to L. Furthermore, in botany the reclassifying author is indicated after the basic authorial name in parentheses but is omitted in zoological nomenclature, which is restricted to the original author's name in parentheses, e.g. (Linn.). When the journals of the apostles were published in the 18th century it was not standard practice to print scientific names in italics, but that is done systematically in the index, which means that the text in certain journals thus differs from the form in which it appears in the present edition. In the course of the work of identifying all the scientific names a number of data bases have been used, such as IPNI and IK (International Plant Names Index, Index Kewensis) for angiosperms, both available via Harvard University data bases, as well as Tropicos, Krypto-S and other available sources on the Internet. For zoology frequent use has been made of Fishbase, Avibase and other data bases.Numbers in parentheses refer in botany to Linnaeus' Flora suecica, 1st ed. (1745), and in zoology to Linnaeus' Fauna suecica, 1st ed. (1746).


Agriculture   Agriculture etc.
This index contains search terms relating to the subjects: Agriculture, East India Companies, Economy, Fishing & Hunting, Newspapers, Government & Embassies, Food & Drink, Manufacturing and Industry & Trade.

Anthropology   Anthropology etc.
This index contains search terms relating to the subjects: Anthropology, Architecture, Ethnography, Daily life, Geographical science, Languages, Manners & Customs, Music, People, Religion and Travel by land and sea.

Collections   Collections etc.
This index contains search terms relating to the subjects: Botanical gardens, Collections, Correspondence, Expeditions, Fieldwork, Hospitals & Diseases, Maps & Books, Medicine, Scientific instruments & research, Universities & Education.

Geography   Geography
This index contains search terms relating to: countries, regions, towns, villages, rivers, lakes, seas and general geographical areas. Indexed words appear in the form used in the original 18th-century text of each respective journal. The Swedish town of "Göteborg" may thus occur both in its local form and under its English equivalent as "Gothenburg" and so on. References occur in the index in those cases where such connections have been noted. The Scandinavian languages also contain the letters "å, ä, ö, æ and ø", which recur with regularity in geographical names.

People   People
Personal names appear in the form in which they are represented in each of the published journals that has been used as a source for the present publication. Different spellings of the same name occur and are then provided with references. Abbreviated forms of names are also found in this index, especially in connection with natural history. The letters "å, ä, ö, æ and ø" in the Scandinavian languages also recur regularly in personal names.

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The Linnaeus Apostles
Global Science & Adventure



The iIndex is made globally available in collaboration with:

Kungl. Fysiografiska Sällskapet i Lund, Sweden [The Royal Physiographic Society of Lund]

The Thora Ohlsson Foundation, Lund, Sweden

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