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iPROJECTS | BRIDGE BUILDER EXPEDITIONS - SPITSBERGEN (SVALBARD).


The mountains appear to be shaped like a prism and
stand in a long line, parallel to one another,
between which are snow-filled valleys.
SPITSBERGEN June 25th, 1758. ANTON ROLANDSSON MARTIN

Svalbard
INDEX VOYAGE II (2017) VOYAGE I (2016)
BACKGROUND Forlandsøyane
SPITSBERGEN
SVALBARD
FIELD STATION
NATURAE OBSERVATIO
MARTIN’S EYE
AIMS & IDEAS
FIELDWORK INFORMATION INITIAL FIELD REPORTS THE PARTICIPANTS FIELDWORK INFORMATION INITIAL FIELD REPORTS THE PARTICIPANTS


BACKGROUND


The BRIDGE BUILDER EXPEDITIONS are the overarching definition for a series of contemporary and scientifically sustainable projects established by The IK Foundation, an undertaking which aims to inspire and contribute to understanding of our shared planet! These projects are grounded in the concepts of retracing and lifting both practical and theoretical knowledge from the Linnaeus Apostles' journeys. The core of said projects revolve around a series of expeditions – with fieldwork in both rural and urban landscapes – which will be used to collect data and knowledge from several of the world's continents. This work incorporates a look into both cultural and societal values of specific regions as well as the measuring of the natural permutations of the landscapes travelled three centuries ago and if they have shifted with the passing of time. In essence the BRIDGE BUILDER EXPEDITIONS are a mixture of 18th century knowledge and 21st century know-how, two contrasting entities employed in unison to create an endeavour which is interdisciplinary but also groundbreaking within its field. These contemporary expeditions offer insight into the developments and constants of the world we live in, divergences which lay the groundwork for new avenues of knowledge.


FORLANDSØYANE, SPITSBERGEN (SVALBARD)


Spitsbergen Rock Sample The rock specimen is a quartzite with intercalations of grey slate bands and dotted with small pyrites. In 1920 Nils Zenzén identified the sample as the one donated to the Royal Academy of Sciences by Anton Rolandsson Martin. Photo: Jonas Hagström, Department of Palaeobiology at the Swedish Museum of Natural Sciences.

Midtøya, Spitsbergen, Svalbard. (MAP VERSION: IK | BBES | v. February 2017).Midtøya, Spitsbergen, Svalbard. (MAP VERSION: IK | BBES | v. February 2017).

Midtøya, Forlandet Nationalpark, Svalbard. 10.9.2016. PHOTO: Erik Schytt Holmlund | Bridge Builder Expeditions Spitsbergen 2016 Midtøya and Nordøya, Forlandet Nationalpark, Svalbard. 10.9.2016. PHOTO: Erik Schytt Holmlund | Bridge Builder Expeditions Spitsbergen, Voyage I, 2016.
Forlandsøyane consist of three small islands – Nordøya, Midtøya and Sørøya – close to the west coast of Prins Karls Forland, Spitsbergen, Svalbard which are highly interesting and important from many points of view. Still, investigation of these islands have been rather limited not at least due to the highly vulnerable situation of the islands from the Greenland Sea and the difficulty of landing along the exposed coast. Although the islands have been known to seafarers for centuries, as a sheltered natural harbour and "a living pantry" for collecting of bird eggs and hunting fields of birds and seals. But also a place for collecting the valuable and insulating down from nesting eiders. Further, during the latest century, environmental and other protection of their precious nature, flora and fauna as well as their cultural heritage has been very well conducted.

The first known and documented scientific investigation of Forlandsøyane took place on the first of July, 1758. Then, Anton Rolandsson Martin, one of the Linnaeus Apostles, managed to get ashore and study the landscape at the Forlandsøyane islands. For the purpose of scientific studies of the climate, fauna and flora of Spitsbergen, he was a guest naturalist aboard a whaling ship.

While able to stay on this location for a few hours only, Anton Rolandsson Martin, scientifically trained by Carl Linnaeus and highly motivated, used the time available in a very determined manner. In addition to writing a thorough description of the landscape, size and form of the island, climate, fauna and flora, he selected a small but significant rock sample for further studies at home. This sample was documented, studied and classified by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. It is noted that the same Academy had provided important funding for his Spitsbergen research endeavour.

Inspired by the pioneer investigations of Anton Rolandsson Martin, The IK Foundation arranged, in September 2016 (Voyage I) a research expedition to Spitsbergen and, not at least to the largest of the three islands, Midtøya. The expedition was part of The IK Foundation’s global BRIDGE BUILDER EXPEDITIONS programme. Just as Anton Rolandsson Martin in 1758, the members of the 2016 expedition studied the west coast of Spitsbergen concerning climate, glaciers, flora and fauna as well as its impressively well-preserved cultural heritage. At the same time, the expedition, guided by Anton Rolandsson Martin’s diary, succeeded in confirming Forlandsøyane as the islands visited and studied by him. His diary was additionally first published in English by the IK Foundation in 2007 – The Linnaeus Apostles Global Science & Adventure (Volume Two, Book One), together with his Talk On Norwegian Housekeeping based on his observations from a journey to Norway in 1759-1760. More information on Anton Rolandsson Martin as a person and his work can be found in iFACTS and iMAPS. During Voyage II a year later (2017), the expedition visited Forlandsøyane for further documentation and studies, in particular visits to the second largest island, Nordøya and the nearest coast of Prins Karls Forland.


MARTIN’S EYE | FIELD STATION | NATURAE OBSERVATIO


In addition to the ongoing expeditions and the interdisciplinary special studies of the Forlandsøyane area, The IK Foundation, supported by LMK-stiftelsen, Foundation for Interdisciplinary Scientific Research, have decided to attempt further long-term scientific investigations of the west coast of Spitsbergen. This implied initiation of a large-scale project for further studies of Forlandsøyane and the west coast of Forlandsletta – its ecology, climate, fauna and flora, all with emphasis on environmental and cultural preservation of this invaluable place. One of very few places on Earth still possessing truly pristine wilderness, an ambitiously sheltered haven for important wildlife species.

As a result, The IK Foundation has defined an international interdisciplinary project featuring the installation and operation in the coastal area around the Forlandsøyane/west coast of Forlandsletta of an eco-designed automatic scientific field station, referred to as the FIELD STATION | NATURAE OBSERVATIO | MARTIN’S EYE. The aim of the station is detailed round-the-clock functions as well as round-the-year scientific studies without disturbing presence of people.

For more information about the IK Foundation’s Field Station program, please visit our dedicated site: FIELD STATION | NATURAE OBSERVATIO




AIMS & IDEAS


In addition to the overarching goals which are initially described in conjunction with the BRIDGE BUILDER EXPEDITIONS, the work will seek out what is unique with each chosen Apostle’s work and to study (a selection of):

GENERAL

  • How said Apostles’ knowledge (practical/theoretical) was used after their initial observations in respective countries.
  • If their observations have been used in modern contexts to understand change/happenings or in various analyses.
  • To document a selection of physical locations visited by each respective Apostle and to try and find points of connection between then and now.
  • Comprehensive looks at what benefits and/or influence – if not primarily historical – their journals and documentations have had for their respective nations and subjects.

SPECIFIC

  • Locate and confirm Anton Rolandsson Martin’s landing place on the west coast of Spitsbergen.
  • To compare Anton Rolandsson Martin’s natural history samples and descriptions with new collections and knowledge.
  • To establish an eco-designed automatic scientific field station, referred to as the FIELD STATION | NATURAE OBSERVATIO | MARTIN’S EYE as a large-scale project for further studies of the coastal area around the Forlandsøyane/west coast of Forlandsletta.
  • To follow Anton Rolandsson Martin’s sail route to its most northerly point (almost) 80° N, where he observed the Cape Hakluyt at the 27th of June (79.7837° N, 10.7635° E).
  • Documenting the flora, fauna, geology etc along the route to compare with Martin’s descriptions as well as later expeditions’, and within this context study which similarities and changes these documentations from 250 years of scientific work can be made useful today.
  • Comparing various forms of documentation (text, drawing, photography etc) originating from different expeditions and give present day field artists a possibility to document the natural environment and everyday life of the expedition.
  • Among other matters; to present the results of the project in an exhibition at Grenna Museum - The Andrée Expedition Polar Centre, Sweden, which will be followed by a travelling exhibition and additionally display the conclusions of the project in iLINNAEUS, articles, books, films etc.
  • To inspire new interdisciplinary research in the spirit of Anton Rolandsson Martin – one of the first scientific field travellers to the Arctic area whose aims were to understand more about our planet Earth. The idea is to follow – in this case the journey of Anton Rolandsson Martin – through observations but also interactions with people, organisations and institutions in seeking to gain a better understanding of how the Linnaeus Apostles’ work eventually became part of the practical and theoretical framework of knowledge through history. Work which built bridges between then, now and maybe even tomorrow.

PRACTICAL REALISATION

  • Voyage I was a co-operation between The IK Foundation, Swedish Museum of Natural History, University of Gothenburg (Valand Academy) and Grenna Museum - The Andrée Expedition Polar Centre.
  • Voyage II – Field Station | Naturae Observatio | Martin’s Eye is a co-operation between The IK Foundation and LMK-stiftelsen, Foundation for Interdisciplinary Scientific Research.

PUBLIC DOMAIN & CROWD SCIENCE


The BRIDGE BUILDER EXPEDITIONS are presented in detail on their dedicated sites under iPROJECTS within iLINNAEUS. Here anyone interested can receive visual and textual updates from our members in the field, as well as results which said expeditions will create. The results themselves will be accessible via iLINNAEUS under the Creative Commons licences which we operate within, as well as in printed articles and publications. Interested individuals and organisations with local knowledge within the geographical and subject areas which the expeditions will encompass are welcome to get in touch with the IK Foundation. What is today denoted as Crowd Science was something the Linnaeus Apostles had great adherence to. We are especially interested in reaching out to projects which have used or use modern interpretations of the Apostles' work in their own studies and research!




VOYAGE II | FIELDWORK INFORMATION | 1st September to 15th September, 2017
The expedition - Voyage II - was carried out in September 2017 during a fieldwork period of nine days, where the project used the ice-strengthened ship M/S Freya as a platform for all of the expedition participants, used for transport, fieldwork and communication.

  • LONGYEARBYEN:
    Assembly/preparation for the fieldwork, meetings with regional institutions and embarking on the expedition ship M/S FREYA. Field documentation (pictures, artwork and text).
  • NORDENSKIÖLDSBREEN:
    Field documentation (pictures, artwork and text). Bone collecting. Testing of field equipment and personal resources.
  • SKANSBUKTA:
    Field documentation (pictures, artwork and text). Bone collecting. Testing of field equipment and personal resources.
  • SVENSKEHUSET:
    Visiting Svenskhuset. Field documentation (pictures, artwork and text). Bone collecting. Testing of field equipment and personal resources.
  • BARENTSBURG:
    Field documentation (pictures, artwork and text). Field work: The Paleocene, 60 million years old deposits here have yielded beautiful plant fossils but very few animal fossils. However, a bony fish from the former area and a shark tooth from the latter indicated that the chemistry of the rocks can preserve bony material.
  • LÆGERNESET:
    Field documentation (pictures, artwork and text). The purpose of the project is to establish the routes and places visited by the earliest scientific explorers to Svalbard (1596 -1799).
  • BELLPYNTEN:
    Field documentation (pictures, artwork and text). The purpose of the project is to establish the routes and places visited by the earliest scientific explorers to Svalbard (1596-1799).
  • FORLANDSØYANE:
    Field documentation (pictures, artwork and text) of the coastal area between Haukebukta and Aitkenodden for reference studies of Anton Rolandsson Martin's visit in the area (Midtøya) 1758. A survey to find the ultimate scientific location for the NATURAE OBSERVATIO | FIELD STATION project. Field work: Fauna, flora, geology, astronomy, meteorology and DNA Projects (sampling bones for the reconstruction of the Svalbard reindeer's colonization on the islands. Collecting ptarmigan droppings for diet analysis and the third is an attempt to see if the DNA from Anton Rolandsson's scurvy grass specimen can be used to definitely determine where he landed).
  • PRINS KARLS FORLAND:
    Field documentation (pictures, artwork and text) of the coastal area between Haukebukta and Aitkenodden for reference studies of Anton Rolandsson Martin's visit in the area (Midtøya) 1758. A survey to find the ultimate scientific location for the NATURAE OBSERVATIO | FIELD STATION project. Field work: Fauna, flora, geology, astronomy, meteorology and DNA Projects.
  • REINHARDPYNTEN:
    Field documentation (pictures, artwork and text) of the coastal area. Field work: Fauna, flora, geology, astronomy, meteorology, DNA Projects and collecting nearshore and deltaic deposits from the Eocene, about 40 million years back. Marine bivalves and plant material are present. We expect to find also here vertebrate fossils.
  • DAWESPYNTEN:
    Field documentation (pictures, artwork and text) of the coastal area. Field work: Fauna, flora, geology, astronomy, meteorology and DNA Projects.
  • POOLEPYNTEN:
    Field documentation (pictures, artwork and text) of the coastal area. Field work: Fauna, flora, geology, astronomy, meteorology and DNA Projects.
  • COLESBUKTA:
    Field documentation (pictures, artwork and text) of the coastal area. Field work: Fauna, flora, geology, astronomy, meteorology, DNA Projects and researching the Paleocene, 60 million years old deposits here have yielded beautiful plant fossils but very few animal fossils. However, a bony fish from the former area and a shark tooth from the latter indicated that the chemistry of the rocks can preserve bony material.
  • SALPYNTEN:
    Field documentation (pictures, artwork and text) of the coastal area. Field work: Fauna, flora, geology, astronomy, meteorology and DNA Projects.
  • DAUDMANNSODDEN:
    Field documentation (pictures, artwork and text) of the coastal area. Field work: Fauna, flora, geology, astronomy, meteorology and DNA Projects.
  • KAPP MARTIN:
    Field documentation (pictures, artwork and text) of the coastal area. Field work: Fauna, flora, geology, astronomy, meteorology and DNA Projects.
  • ISFJORDEN | LONGYEARBYEN:
    Field documentation (pictures, artwork and text) of the coastal area. Return to base. Field work: Fauna, flora, geology, astronomy, meteorology and DNA Projects.


INITIAL FIELD REPORTS

FIELD STATION | NATURAE OBSERVATIO

Early September 2017, The IK Foundation carried out fieldwork aiming at establishment of a FIELD STATION | NATURAE OBSERVATIO. With m/s Freya as a base vessel, we made a survey of sites suitable for our tentative field station. As a base for the expedition, we had a similar Svalbard expedition in September 2016 as well as discussions with representatives from Sysselmannen, the Norwegian Polar Institute and the University Centre in Svalbard (UNIS). 2017 participants were, except for organising staff, scientists from Sweden, Norway, Germany, France and Hungary.

We aim for a place from which ecological studies can be made of flora, fauna, climate and the surrounding landscape and sea. The 2016 expedition demonstrated the excellent suitability of the southwestern coast of Prins Karls Forland, especially the part overlooking Forlandsøyane. Here, we concentrated our 2017 site survey. In a number of coastal places, we used zodiacs for landings and inventories of the coastline. Ashore, we made inspections and field observations of flora and fauna as well as of geological features, surrounding landscape and coastal waters. Limited land expeditions met reindeers and foxes, costal surveys seals and walruses. Even polar bears were seen close up from our zodiacs. Also sea mammals and fish were studied. Of the coastal-hinterland flora and ground, we performed corresponding detailed studies.

The 2017 expedition confirmed the eminent character of the coastal part of Prins Karls Forland facing Forlandsøyane. Along a 6 km coastline, we identified, studied in detail and documented several sites highly suitable. Currently, in November 2017, we evaluate our documents aiming at identification of the very best site candidates available. Such identification pending, we can already now state that a number of site candidates amply fulfil even our highest demands.

Arne Ardeberg & Lars Hansen

The southwestern coast of Prins Karls Forland. Photo: Andreas Nord | Bridge Builder Expeditions Spitsbergen, Voyage II, 2017. The southwestern coast of Prins Karls Forland. Photo: Andreas Nord | Bridge Builder Expeditions Spitsbergen, Voyage II, 2017.



IMMUNE FUNCTION IN THE SVALBARD PTARMIGAN

Animals in the temperate zone undergo a range of morphological and physiological changes between summer and winter, enabling them to deal with the environmental challenges that are characteristic of their ranges, especially very low winter temperatures. As peak energy demands occur in winter, when food resources are the most difficult to find, northern animals must carefully manage their energy reserves to maintain cold defence. This can lead to sacrifices of investment in other bodily processes. Such balancing of resource allocation might explain why many animals downregulate immune function in winter. Those in the relatively pathogen-free polar regions may even have a permanently downregulated immune system. For example, our studies of Svalbard ptarmigan (the world’s most northerly land bird) in captivity suggests a poorly developed capacity to tackle pathogens around the year, even in spring during benign conditions.

We have been awaiting an opportunity to verify these findings with data from wild birds. Voyage II provided us with the necessary logistical support for reaching the dual aims of evaluating methods for trapping of wild Svalbard ptarmigan, and of collecting blood samples from trapped individuals for subsequent measurement of immunological parameters in the laboratory. Our field protocol proved very successful with wide applicability for future studies on Spitsbergen, although (as is customary during fieldwork in polar regions) weather and time constraints reduced the number of birds caught. The collected blood samples will be a valuable starting point for future studies on seasonal variation in cold defence and immune function in High Arctic animals.

Andreas Nord & Arne Hegemann

Svalbard ptarmigan, the world’s most northerly land bird. Photo: Andreas Nord | Bridge Builder Expeditions Spitsbergen, Voyage II, 2017. Svalbard ptarmigan, the world’s most northerly land bird. Photo: Andreas Nord | Bridge Builder Expeditions Spitsbergen, Voyage II, 2017.



FIELD WORK SUMMARY BY THE PALAEO TEAM

Our goal was to investigate three areas with Palaeogene sediments during the Bridge Builder Expedition 2017:

  • 1. The Palaeocene Basilika Formation in the Barentsburg area. Here our goal was to rediscover an old fish fossil locality, due to impassable terrain it was not successful, but we hope to investigate this area during a future Bridge Builder Expedition. Instead, we discovered fossiliferous, bivalve- and gastropod-rich seep carbonates in otherwise fossil-free sediments. This is the first record for the area and the material will be studied in cooperation with other Swedish and Polish specialists.

  • 2. Conglomerates/fluviatile deposits in the Sesshøgda area on Prins Karls Forland. The sediments of this tectonically isolated unit are mapped as Eocene (Sesshøgda Formation), but we could not confirm this age due to the lack of fossils and organic-rich or lignitic layers. We were not able to study the younger Reinhardpynten and Krokodillen Formations (also Eocene) due to a tight expedition schedule, but we hope to investigate this area further during a future Bridge Builder Expedition.

  • 3. At Colesbukta we could establish the stratigraphic level (Lowest Grumantbyen Formation, Paleocene) of a shark tooth that Jonas Hagström found during a Polish expedition on Svalbard in 2015. We plan to do more intensive field work in this sedimentary unit in the future and we have agreed with the Polish colleagues on publishing a scientific report on this finding.

To sum up, we regard the scientific outcome of the Bridge Builder Expedition 2017 as successful – as such a relatively short voyage (12 days) under unpredictable and harsh weather conditions can be.

Thomas Mörs & Jonas Hagström

Field work by the Palaeo team. Photo: Thomas Mörs | Bridge Builder Expeditions Spitsbergen, Voyage II, 2017. Field work by the Palaeo team. Photo: Thomas Mörs | Bridge Builder Expeditions Spitsbergen, Voyage II, 2017.



THE FIRST 200 YEARS OF SCIENTIFIC EXPLORATION OF SPITSBERGEN

As part of my project “The first 200 years of scientific exploration of Spitsbergen”, this expedition gave me a unique opportunity to collect information and document the travels of the earliest scientific explorers to Svalbard (1596-1799). By establish the routes and the places these explorers visited – the biological, geological and meteorological observations made during these voyages can be placed in a more detailed context and used as comparison with the situation today, some 400 years later.

Foremost I planned to visit Lægerneset in order to photo document the surrounding areas and the archeological remains. Unfortunately, due to the presence of a polar bear at the site we were not able to go ashore as planned and all photo documentation had to be done from the deck. However, as one of the main purposes of the visit was to acquire a firsthand experience of the place, which is import for the evaluation of the old texts, this was nevertheless a successful visit. Additionally, for increased knowledge about the early scientific explorers, the visit to Bellpynten became an important part of the expedition as we were able to go ashore, in order to take photos of the place and the surrounding areas.

Ulf Johansson

Radar screen image at Lægerneset. Photo: Lars Hansen | Bridge Builder Expeditions Spitsbergen, Voyage II, 2017. Radar screen image at Lægerneset. Photo: Lars Hansen | Bridge Builder Expeditions Spitsbergen, Voyage II, 2017.



THERMOGRAPHIC MEASUREMENTS

On the 2nd Voyage of The Bridge Builder Expeditions Spitsbergen (2017), the aim of my project was to collect thermographic measurements on the body surface temperature of arctic mammals, using a FLIR T640 thermal camera. Since my main research project concerns the study of a possible heat-sensing ability in mammals, collecting data on the heat signals of animals in their natural environment is highly relevant, both in absolute terms and relative to their environment.

The thermal measurements were taken on land. I managed to take photos of two species, reindeer (subspecies: Svalbard reindeer (Rangifer tarandus platyrhynchus) from various different locations and Arctic foxes (Vulpes lagopus) on one of the locations. Although the processing of the data is still ongoing, it seems that some of the measurements can be used to evaluate body surface temperatures of the animals at different ambient temperatures and at different levels of insolation, according to our plan. However, a number of difficulties and unpredictable obstacles are also associated with field measurements conducted by humans, as for example the fright of animals, weather conditions or the danger of close encounter with some species. I think that remotely controlled camera systems could offer a solution to many of these issues by e.g. allowing year-round measurements potentially within close distances.

Anna Bálint

Thermographic image. Photo: Anna Balint | Bridge Builder Expeditions Spitsbergen, Voyage II, 2017. Thermographic image. Photo: Anna Balint | Bridge Builder Expeditions Spitsbergen, Voyage II, 2017.



EXPERIMENTAL 360° DOCUMENTATION OF THE VOYAGE

By filming the Bridge Builders Expedition with 360-degree camcorders revealed some interesting challenges and rewarding experimental documentation of transport, fieldwork and communication alike. Due to the harsh weather conditions the possibilities to capture movies and time lapses on land and in the zodiacs were limited, keeping the lenses dry and clean had its difficulties. Placing the camcorders outside of the ship m/s Freya resulted in some interesting footage where the roughness of the sea is visible. Fixing the cameras to unusual locations on the ship required some improvisation and collecting them when the weather turned too bad was sometimes fearful. The friendly and professional crew also allowed to capture their daily business on the bridge, in the kitchen and in the engine room – giving additional perspectives to the Svalbard expedition. Due to the fact that the recording happened in 360° I had to get used to being part of the frame almost at all times while operating the cameras, which was somewhat unusual for me.

Levente Tarjányi

Experimental 360°documentation of the voyage. Photo: Levente Tarjányi | Bridge Builder Expeditions Spitsbergen, Voyage II, 2017.

ARCTIC OBSERVATIONS AND EXPERIENCES OF A FIELD ARTIST

The Bridge Builder Expeditions Spitsbergen – Voyage II around Isfjorden and Prins Karls Forland was an exciting experience for me as a field artist. The wind and waves promoted a fast and simple watercolour technique also encouraged by a large brush, limited palette and rough watercolour paper.

The motifs varied from manmade structures like the gypsum mine at Skansbukta and a building connected to the abandoned coal mine at Colesbukta to rocks and fossils encountered on the shores and hills. Birds and mammals included Arctic terns, White-beaked dolphins and a Polar bear spotted from the boat deck.

Landscapes, skyscapes and seascapes in different light conditions attracted me as well. During the painting sessions I took a special interest in the Arctic colours – the local ones of earth, ice and vegetation as well as the influence of atmospheric effects created by the low sun and big sky.

Like Carl Linnaeus instructed his apostles, drawing and painting makes for painstaking observations. Thus my experience of Arctic colours inspires me to search for their sources and eventually present the results in an illustrated article will be published on this site in the series The Pine Cone Journal.

Click here to see the Field artist's portfolio of WATERCOLOURS & DRAWINGS | Voyage II.

Måns Sjöberg

Field artist Måns Sjöberg working at Forlandsletta. Photo: Lars Hansen | Bridge Builder Expeditions Spitsbergen, Voyage II, 2017. Field artist Måns Sjöberg working at Forlandsletta. Photo: Lars Hansen | Bridge Builder Expeditions Spitsbergen, Voyage II, 2017.



THE PARTICIPANTS


EXPEDITION PARTICIPANTS


Arne Ardeberg

Arne Ardeberg

  • (b.) 1940
  • DUTY: Participant, researcher.
  • AIM: Monitoring of Aurora Developments. Studies of Noctilucent Clouds. Recording of Meteors. Coordination of Science Projects and Technical Installations.
  • POST: Professor emeritus in Astrophysics, Lund University, Sweden. Member of Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Royal Physiographic Society, Royal Society of Sciences, Chair of Crafoord Prize Committee in Astronomy and LMK-stiftelsen, Foundation for Interdisciplinary Scientific Research.
Anna Balint

Anna Balint

  • (b.) 1985
  • DUTY: Participant, researcher.
  • AIM: The aim of the project is to collect more information on the body surface temperatures of different mammal species living in arctic habitats, using a FLIR T640 heat camera.
  • POST: Postdoctoral fellow, PhD, Department of Biology, Lund University.
Lionel Gauze

Lionel Gauze

  • (b.) 1975
  • DUTY: Participant, technical expert.
  • AIM: Pilot study of infrastructure and digital field communication.
  • POST: System Technical expert in Telecom and Opto-Mechanical Field Installation. CEO Apical Technologies, France.
François Glasser

François Glasser

  • (b.) 1974
  • DUTY: Participant, technical expert.
  • AIM: Pilot study of infrastructure and digital field communication.
  • POST: System Technical expert in Telecom and Opto-Mechanical Field Installation. CEO Apical Technologies, France.
Jonas Hagström

Jonas Hagström

  • (b.) 1959
  • DUTY: Participant, deputy expedition leader, researcher.
  • AIM: The expedition is an unique chance for me to help bring this forgotten Linnaean apostle out of the shadows and into the light.
  • POST: Curator, The Swedish Museum of Natural History.
Lars Hansen

Lars Hansen

  • (b.) 1960
  • DUTY: Expedition leader, researcher.
  • AIM: To strengthen our insight of the fieldwork that the so-called Linnaeus Apostles started almost three centuries ago. To understand Natural and Cultural History of Planet Earth – and hopefully building "new bridges of proficiency" between the past, present and future!
  • POST: Head at The IK Foundation, FRGS, London, United Kingdom.
Dan Hansen

Dan Hansen

  • (b.) 1954
  • DUTY: Participant, field assistant.
  • AIM: My main contribution to the expedition will be to serve for safety and assistance to the other members. At the same time, it will be an unforgettable experience to visit the landscape and people of Spitsbergen/Svalbard.
  • POST: Optimisation consultant of operations in recycling and agriculture.
Anders Hansson

Anders Hansson

  • (b.) 1964
  • DUTY: Participant, field assistant.
  • AIM: My primary aim is to ensure safety for other expedition members, allowing them to complete their respective work under safe conditions. Secondly, I want to experience as much of the nature, wildlife and scenery of Svalbard as possible.
  • POST: CEO of Abes V&M AB.
Arne Hegemann

Arne Hegemann

  • (b.) 1980
  • DUTY: Participant, researcher.
  • AIM: I will investigate seasonal variation in immune function in High-Arctic birds, to better understand how polar animals adapt to novel immunological threats under global change.
  • POST: Researcher, Department of Biology, Lund University.
Mikael Hjelmqvist

Mikael Hjelmqvist

  • (b.) 1959
  • DUTY: Participant, field assistant.
  • AIM: My aim is to assist the other participants and create a secure working platform. It is a great opportunity to be able to follow an expedition to Spitsbergen/Svalbard.
  • POST: Forest owner with focus on hunting and fishing. Bäck’s Forest Estate, Sweden.
Ulf Johansson

Ulf Johansson

  • (b.) 1970
  • DUTY: Participant, researcher.
  • AIM: This expedition will give me a unique opportunity to collect information and document the travels of the earliest scientific explorers to Svalbard (1596-1799). By establish the routes and the places these explorers visited the biological, geological and meteorological observations made during these voyages can be placed in a more detailed context and facilitate comparisons with the situation today, some 400 years later.
  • POST: Curator of birds, Swedish Museum of Natural History.
Thomas Mörs

Thomas Mörs

  • (b.) 1962
  • DUTY: Participant, researcher.
  • AIM: The aim of my project is to find evidence for earlier land bridges between Svalbard and the Canadian High Arctic using vertebrate fossils collected during the expedition.
  • POST: Senior Curator, Swedish Museum of Natural History, Stockholm, Sweden.
Andreas Nord

Andreas Nord

  • (b.) 1983
  • DUTY: Participant, researcher.
  • AIM: I will investigate seasonal variation in immune function in High-Arctic birds, to better understand how polar animals adapt to novel immunological threats under global change.
  • POST: Researcher, Department of Biology, Lund University; guest researcher Department for Arctic and Marine Biology, UiT.
Måns Sjöberg

Måns Sjöberg

  • (b.) 1964
  • DUTY: Participant, field artist.
  • AIM: I want to convey what I see with immediacy and simplicity to make the viewer feel present on the Arctic scene. Watercolor is the most portable medium and an excellent one for this purpose.
  • POST: Watercolour artist, illustrator and instructor, Lund, Sweden.
Levente Tarjányi

Levente Tarjányi

  • (b.) 1984
  • DUTY: Participant, technical assistant.
  • AIM: Assistance in pilot study for digital field communication, focusing on optical and measurement systems.
  • POST: Mechanical engineer (Msc in mechanical engineering 2013), currently working as product development engineer in the field of automotive interior systems at Draexlmaier in Hungary.

EXPEDITION SHIP CREW

  • Master, Emil Heijel
  • Chief Officer, Edvin Vidarsson
  • AB, Johan Nordström
  • AB, Staffan Hallberg
  • Chief Engineer, Mikael Kindahl
  • Chef, Ulf Zackrisson
  • Stewardess, Joanna Lignell
  • Steward, Nils Tillberg

EXPEDITION BACK BASE

  • Webmaster, digital network: Jeff Snoxell
  • Art work: Graham Scott
  • Research: Viveka Hansen
  • Controller: Jennie Asher
  • Maritime lawyer: Bo Benell
  • News Room: Jens Hansen
  • The Reception Desk: Leo Ryder

EXPEDITION PATRONS

  • LMK-stiftelsen, Foundation for Interdisciplinary Scientific Research
  • The IK Foundation



VOYAGE I | FIELDWORK INFORMATION | 1st September to 15th September, 2016


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iPROJECTS

In The IK Foundation and The IK Workshop Society there are continually ongoing comprehensive projects, each having different character and format. In iPROJECTS the current works and ideas are presented - Expeditions, Fieldwork, Research, Presentation in progress, and much more... For regular updates, and to make full use of iLINNAEUS' possibilities, we recommend fellowship through iFELLOW as well as following us on Twitter - Welcome!



NAME OF PROJECT
  • (Main title) The Linnaeus Apostles​ ​BRIDGE BUILDER EXPEDITIONS​ ​To Understand Planet Earth​
  • (Subtitle) BRIDGE BUILDER EXPEDITIONS -​ Spitsbergen (Svalbard)​, ​Norway (Unincorporated area of Norway)
  • FIELD STATION | NATURAE OBSERVATIO | MARTIN’S EYE


GEOGRAPHICAL SCOPE
  • Norway (Unincorporated area of Norway)


SUBJECTS
  • Geography
  • 18th century Studies'
  • Cultural History
  • History of Science
  • Natural History
  • Economic History
  • Field Notes, Arts and Photography​
  • Field station, long-term observations
  • Ecology


INSTITUTIONAL RESOURCES

  • The Norwegian Meteorological Institute, Norway
  • Lund university, Sweden
  • The Royal Geographical Society (with IBG), United Kingdom
  • The Swedish Academy, Sweden
  • Stockholm university, Sweden
  • University of Tromsø, Norway


TIMELINE
  • 2016: Expedition Voyage I: Field work, research, documentation and follow-up work.
  • 2017: Expedition Voyage II: Field work, research, documentation and follow-up work.
  • 2018: Expedition Voyage III: Field work, research, documentation and follow-up work.
  • 2019: Expedition Voyage IV: Field work, research, documentation and follow-up work.
  • 2020: Expedition Voyage V: Field work, research, documentation and follow-up work.
  • 2019/2021: Publicise, Publishing and Exhibitions.


PUBLICISE
  • iLINNAEUS.org
  • Publications and articles
  • Exhibitions


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PATRONAGE


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