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iFACTS Anton Rolandsson Martin

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Date of Birth 3 August 1729.
Place of Birth Mijntenhoff Manor, Reval (present day
Tallinn, Estonia), province of Lifland, Russia.
Date of Death 30 January 1785.
Place of Death Turku [Åbo], Sweden.
Monuments Medals Etc. Unknown.
Variations of Name's Spelling Anton Rolandson Martin in ‘Kongl. Vetenskaps Academiens
Handlingar’ (The Royal Academy of Sciences’
Preserved signature In correspondence.
Childhood, Adolescence & Education
  • Father, Justice of appeal Roland Martin.
  • Mother, Ulrica Charlotta Rothkirch/Rotkirch.
  • The family moved in the early 1730s to Stockholm, where the parents had lived before Anton’s birth.
  • The family moved to Turku [Åbo] in Finland, mid 1730s.
  • The family returned to Stockholm, 1741-1743.
  • He returned to Finland 1743; student Åbo Academy, signed in 26 June 1745. Rolandsson Martin studied foremost music; but also languages, botany and physics. During this period in Åbo, he also made botanical excursions.
  • Student, Uppsala University, signed in 2 September 1756. He studied predominantly natural history during two years.
  • Graduate in Medicine, 15 April 1761.
Professional Life
  • Parallel with studies; he worked as a musician in Åbo Academy’s chapel 1749-1753.
  • He moved to Stockholm 1753, worked as a tutor until 1756.
  • Fellow of The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences 1756.
  • After the journeys 1758-1760; his plan was to practise as a physician and complete his Doctorate in Uppsala. But he became ill with gangrene and was forced after a longer period of illness - February 1762 - to amputate one of his legs.
  • Anton Rolandsson Martin returned to Finland 1763 where he during periods lived in; Fredrikshamn, Valkeala, Helsingfors and Lovisa. He managed his daily life with scholarships added with small yearly maintenances from The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences in Stockholm and Åbo Academy. He lived in Turku [Åbo] from 1770.
Journeys & Voyages
  • He journeyed with a whaling expedition to the Arctic in 1758 which lasted only three months. As far as is known, Martin only managed to get ashore a few hours at Spitsbergen and made very few discoveries of consequence. His major scientific contribution was the description of the petrel, which he named as Procellaria glacialis (now known as Fulmarus glacialis). (The journey was financed with 600 daler kopparmynt [rix-dollar copper coin] from The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Rolandsson Martin also borrowed scientific instruments as thermometers and a compass from the Academy).
  • Journey to Norway, midsummer 1759 via the fjelds of Jämtland in Sweden towards Trondheim, sea route to Christiansand and later to Bergen where he stayed a whole year. Returned to Sweden via Malmö during the autumn 1760, where after he travelled by land to Uppsala. (The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences also contributed financially to this journey, but Rolandsson Martin had severe economical difficulties during the journey and returned home destitute).
Travel Diaries & Other Publications in Connection with the Journeys & Voyages
  • His diary was first published in 1881. Dagbok hållen vid en resa till Norrpolen eller Spitsbergen...1758. Ymer tidskrift 1881, Stockholm 1882.
  • Meteorologiska Observationer, gjorde på en Resa til Spitsbärgen, published in Kongl. Vetenskaps Academiens Handlingar, Oct., Nov., Dec. 1758.
  • Beskrifning på en Procellaria, som finnes vid Norr-polen, published in Kongl. Vetenskaps Academiens Handlingar, Vol. 20A, April, May, June 1759.
  • ‘Tal om de Norska hushålning...1761’, manuscript, The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Stockholm. (First published in an English translation 2007 in The Linnaeus Apostles - Global Science and Adventure, Vol. 2 Book 1, and in a Swedish transcription in Svenska Linnésällskapets Årsskrift 2010).
Civil Status & Family Unmarried.
Preserved Collections & Manuscripts
  • One single herbarium plant, Linnaean Herbarium in Stockholm. (Cochlearia groenlandica).
  • Original manuscripts; 1-4. The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Stockholm. 1. ‘Tal om de Norskas Hushållning’ (Talk on Norwegian Housekeeping). 2. ‘Vita Auctoris’ (auto-biographical notes in Latin). 3. ‘Självbiografiska anteckningar’ (auto-biographical notes). 4. Other manuscripts by Anton Rolandsson Martin.
  • Letters, The Linnean Society of London, Linnean Correspondence. (14 letters to Linnaeus, 1759-1770).
Extra Notes
  • Anton Rolandsson Martin’s journey to Spitsbergen lasted only three months and mainly at sea, but is still seen as an important pioneer to later arctic explorers.
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In iFACTS biographical facts of each individual Linnaeus Apostle are described, a total of seventeen men who made long voyages from the years 1746 to 1799, more than 50 years of travel in the service of science!
Biographical details of each individual apostle are presented in various subjects together with maps that display an overview of their personal backgrounds and travels. The geographical span of the apostles' voyages can most easily be followed in iFACTS and iMAPS.
​Additionally, iFACTS​​ give the user statistical information about the number of search terms for each apostle in iINDEX​​, together with relevant links to iLOG, ADDED KNOWLEDGE and iPROJECTS​.
iFACTS are continuously updated with new information.


Anton Rolandsson Martin
Johan Peter Falck
Pehr Kalm
Pehr Löfling
Daniel Rolander
Göran Rothman
Fredrik Hasselquist
Peter Forsskål
Andreas Berlin
Adam Afzelius
Anders Sparrman
Carl Peter Thunberg
Pehr Osbeck
Olof Torén
Carl Fredrik Adler
Christopher Tärnström
Daniel Solander

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iINDEX Total Results For Anton Rolandsson Martin

Earth Sciences
Earth Sciences
Added Knowledge
Bridge Builder Expedition
Bridge Builder Expedition

Botany Added Knowledge Botany


”Collected near Spitsbergen” 1758

Earthsciences Added Knowledge Earthsciences


Sample from Spitsbergen 1758



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